Retirei essas estatísticas do site da FAO (Organização das Nações Unidas para Agricultura e Alimentação) [http://www.fao.org/hunger/en/] , os grifos são meus.
Rising hunger is a global phenomenon. In fact, all world regions have been affected by the increase in food insecurity:
- Asia and the Pacific, the world’s most populous region, is home to the largest number of hungry people (642 million).
- Sub‐Saharan Africa has the largest prevalence of undernourishment relative to its population size (32 percent).
- The largest percentage increase in the number of hungry people in the developing world occurred in the Near East and North Africa (+13.5 percent).
- Latin America and the Caribbean, which was the only region in recent years with signs of improvement, also saw a marked increase (+12.8 percent).
- Even in developed countries, undernourishment has become a growing concern.
2009 has been a devastating year for the world’s hungry, marking a significant worsening of an already disappointing trend in global food security since 1996. The global economic slowdown, following on the heels of the food crisis in 2006–08, has deprived an additional 100 million people of access to adequate food. There have been marked increases in hunger in all of the worlds major regions, and more than one billion people are now estimated to be undernourished.
While the number of hungry people has been increasing since the mid-1990s, the number of undernourished in the world was actually declining in the 1970s and 1980s in spite of relatively rapid population growth during those decades, and the proportion of undernourished in developing countries was declining quite rapidly. During the 1990s and the current decade, however, the number of undernourished has risen, despite the benefit of slower population growth, and the proportion of undernourished increased in 2008.